As women age, the amount of antioxidant in the fluid around the egg decreases. Without antioxidant protection, the cells surrounding the egg are less able to provide nutrition for the egg. The resulting poor function of those cells correlates with reduced embryo quality and chance of pregnancy (Suh, 2002, Elgindy, 2008). In males, oxidation products correlate with poor semen quality, a reduction in sperm motility, and fragmentation of the sperm DNA. To decrease the negative effects of oxidation, men and women should increase their dietary intake of antioxidants.
All fruits and vegetables contain antioxidants but berries are one of the best sources. Dark chocolate and green tea are also excellent sources of antioxidants, but contain caffeine so should be avoided by pregnant women or those trying to get pregnant.
Blackberries, Blueberries, Strawberries, Pomegranate, Cranberries, Pycnogenol, Green tea, Dark chocolate, Fruits, Vegetables, Spices -e.g. ginger, oregano, turmeric, cumin